The hiring of Social Security administrative law judges has its origins with the passage of the Administrative Procedure Act (the “APA”) on June 11, 1946. The APA was passed by Congress to allay Congressional, and public concern about the propagation of autonomous federal agencies created as part President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal. The APA sets out to regulate these federal agencies. The APA also sets the standard for Federal administrative law judges. The goal is the ensure the independence of these judges so that the public will have confidence in their decisions.
Under the APA, the U. S. Office of Personnel Management is the federal agency which serves as the gatekeeper for administrative law judge candidates. Other federal agencies select these candidates, including the Social Security Administration. Within the Office of Personnel Management is an Administrative Law Judge Program Office. This office is responsible the recruitment of administrative law judges. It also conducts interviews and general background checks of potential administrative law judges. It administers the testing for the potential administrative law judges.